Piero Dorazio | Original prints, lithographs, etchings and illustrated books
Piero Dorazio (Rome, 29 June 1927 - Perugia, 17 May 2005) was an Italian painter, who with his painting has advanced since 1945 to the affirmation of abstractionism in Italy.
Dorazio was born in Rome dove, after finishing his classical studies, he studied architecture for four years.
Very young, in 1944, he met the current abstractionist of the capital and began a series of collaborations with his protagonists. From 1945 he took part as a leading exponent of the activity of the Social Art group. Together with his friends Lucio Manisco, Mino Guerrini and Achille Perilli he attended the studio of Renato Guttuso in the first post-war period, but soon he moved away from the theses of socialist realism and joined the movement of abstractionism.
In 1947 he was one of the signatories of the Forma 1 Group manifesto, together with Ugo Attardi, Pietro Consagra, Mino Guerrini, Achille Perilli, Antonio Sanfilippo, Giulio Turcato and Carla Accardi. Also in 1947 he won a scholarship from the École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts in Paris, where he will reside for a year.
In 1948 he took part in the National Exhibition of Fine Arts (V Quadriennale d'Arte) in Rome.
With Perilli and Guerrini in 1950, he opened the bookshop "L'età d'oro" in via del Babuino, Rome, which in 1951 will be merged with the "Origine" group of Mario Ballocco, Alberto Burri, Giuseppe Capogrossi, Ettore Colla, giving life to the "Fondazione Origine", in which Colla and Dorazio publish the magazine "Arti Visive".
In the summer of 1953 he was invited to the Harvard International Seminar, at Harvard University, in Cambridge, where he held two conferences. In September Virginia Dortch became his wife and settled in New York, where he had his first solo exhibitions in the Wittenborn One-Wall Gallery and the Rose Fried Gallery in 1954. During his stay in the United States, he was in contact with the most important personalities of the 'era come the painters Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Jackson Pollock, Barnett Newman, Robert Motherwell and the art critic Clement Greenberg. In this period, Doratius also focuses on the study of the writings of Vasily Vasil'evič Kandinskij, whose theory on the immaterial aspects of painting will influence it.
Later he returned to Italy dove contuinuò an intense and constant exhibition activity with characters at the Galleria Apollinaire in Milan, at the Galleria del Cavallino in Venice in 1955 and at the Galleria La Tartaruga in Rome in 1957.
He regularly performs artistic stays in many European cities including Paris, London, Prague, Düsseldorf and Berlin that will contribute to spread its popularity and fame also from Italy.
In 1959 he took part in Documenta 2 in Kassel.
In 1960, he founded the Department of Fine Arts at the School of Fine Arts of the Pennsylvania University of Philadelphia, which in the sixties was recognized as the best art and architecture school in the United States of America and which will hold the post. of director for a semester of a professor until 1967.
He exhibited in three editions of the Venice Biennale in 1960 where he was invited by Lionello in English in 1966 and in 1988.
In 1961 in Berlin, he participated in the activities of the Zero Group together with Heinz Mach, Otto Pine and Gunter Uecher, in Paris he received the Kandinsky Prize and the first Jeunes Biennial Prize, while one of his personal exhibitions was held at the Kunstverein in Düsseldorf .
In 1963 one of his works was exhibited at the exhibition Contemporary Italian Paintings, set up in some Australian cities. In 1963-64 he exhibited at the exhibition Peintures italiennes d'aujourd'hui, organized in the Middle East and North Africa.
In 1965 he took part in the exhibition The responsive eye at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
In 1966, after his second participation at the Venice Biennale, he exhibited at the Galerie Im Erker, a San Gallo dove with Giuseppe Ungaretti set up an artistic partnership: in fact for the occasion Ungaretti wrote an essay on his painting for the presentation of the catalog while in 1967 Dorazio a hit song to accompany Ungaretti's collection of poems entitled "The light".
In 1968 Dorazio resides for six months in Berlin at the Deutsche Akademishe Austauschdienst.
In 1970 he definitively interrupted the teaching activity to devote himself exclusively to painting.
In 1971 he joined the appeal against the commissioner of Luigi Calabresi with whom he accused of killing the anarchist Pinelli and after having studied in Rome, Paris, New York, Philadelphia, Berlin, in 1974 he moved permanently to Todi where he bought a ancient Camaldolese hermitage and here he continued to create until 2005, the year of his death. In 1984 he married Giuliana Soprani.
In 1989 he collaborated on the project of the Fiumara d'arte of Tusa, a large open-air museum park of contemporary art conceived by Antonio Presti, with the colorful ceramic decoration of the carabinieri barracks of Castel di Lucio created in collaboration with Graziano Marini. Also on commission from Presti, and together with Marini, Dorazio in 1996 also created the art chamber of the Atelier sul Mare of Castel di Tusa entitled La stanza della pittura.